Originating in Germany, Rottweilers were working dogs for farmers and cattle headers. They wavered in popularity, going from almost extinct in the 1800s to being recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1931. This breed is medium to large in size and well-muscled with a broad chest. They weigh between 85 and 135 pounds on average. Their distinct coat coloring is black and usually has copper markings on the feet, chest, face, and belly. With a glossy, short coat, it doesn’t take more than a good brushing to groom your Rottweiler; however, he or she will shed quite a bit throughout the year. As a working dog, they are prone to overeating and the issues associated with obesity in dogs. Other common health problems include hip dysplasia, bloat, and skin or environmental allergies. Like most large breeds, the Rottweiler can have problems that affect the joints and bones.
Working dogs generally require lots of exercise, and Rottweilers are no exception. They require daily walks to release energy, but they also need mental stimulation. Playing fetch, hiking, and other activities that allow Rottweilers to use their brains are very helpful for these intelligent dogs. Socialization and training are highly important in raising this breed. Rottweilers can be stubborn, possessive, territorial, and destructive if they are left to their own devices. A firm hand on the leash will help ensure that the Rottweiler understands expectations and is a proper member of canine society. As working dogs, they are very likely to pull on the leash, and their strength will make this a challenge. With consistency and an early start, any dog can be trained to exhibit positive walking behavior—as long as he or she has consistent feedback. They are usually confident dogs that require training and interactions in order to thrive. When trained and socialized properly, Rottweilers can be great family dogs and get along with a variety of other animals. They are well-known for being affectionate and extremely loyal.